Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)

What is an IVP?

Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) is an intravenous examination of the kidneys, ureters (tubes from kidneys to bladder), and the urinary tract. A contrast agent, containing iodine, is given intravenously to enhance the urinary tract. The contrast agent casts an image on the film.


Take a mild laxative the night before the examination.

Take nothing by mouth after midnight the evening before the examination and until completion of the examination. Necessary medications may be taken with a small amount of water.

Approximately 1 hour should be allowed for the examination. You may be at The Radiology Clinic longer than that due to check-in and interview with the technologist.

If you have children, please make arrangements for childcare, as there are no childcare facilities on site. Children are not allowed in the examination room.

What to Expect

After check in, you will be called back to the examination room where a technologist will obtain a history of your symptoms and allergies. You will be asked to sign a consent form prior to the injection of the contrast. You will lie on the examination table where the technologist will take an x-ray of the abdomen to verify that the bowel is properly cleaned prior to the injection of the contrast. You will be given an injection of the contrast. You may feel warm, flush or have a metallic taste in your mouth, which will last only a few minutes as the solution moves through the blood stream. If you notice any symptoms of itching, shortness of breath or pain, please tell the technologist immediately.

Several x-ray images will be taken to demonstrate kidneys, ureters and bladder. Afterward, you will be instructed to go to the restroom and empty your bladder.

Additional x-ray of your abdomen will be taken.

Follow Up

You may resume a regular diet unless given other instructions by your referring physician.

Your referring physician will be provided results within 2-3 working days.


If you are pregnant or suspect you may be pregnant, please alert the technologist before any x-ray is performed.